Conclusions

In total 43 projects have been developed in 30 STRATEGO target cities. The analysis of these cases reveals achievements and successes, challenges and needs for each of the five tasks:

Achievements and successes:
  • Heating maps were made for all cases. It was observed that simple maps already can provide inspiration for heating and cooling projects
  • A guidance for the STRATEGO partners (click here) has demonstrated to be a useful tool to identify sustainable heating and cooling projects
  • Business models have been developed for all identified projects; they put the end-consumer at the heart of the projects
  • The projects and their business models have been discussed with stakeholders; in most cases stakeholders directly involved in the implementation of the project
  • The identified projects have been added to the political agenda of the STRATEGO target cities
Challenges and needs:
  • Mapping heating and cooling demand at local level has demonstrated to be a daunting task; local authorities need appropriate tools and easier access to relevant data. Research is needed to fill knowledge gaps on cooling as well.
  • The identified projects are sometimes quite complex in nature; it turned out that both more time and data are needed to conclude with a final design of the identified projects
  • The business models of the projects are very complex and involve a lot of stakeholders
  • The involvement of a wider range of stakeholders in a minority of cases indicates that there is a need for a local public debate on heating and cooling and its transition towards a more sustainable system
  • A minority of the local heating and cooling plans reached the level of a strategic master plan defining strategies for a transition of the heating and cooling system

As a general conclusion, the STRATEGO cases have demonstrated that the local level is the key level of authority to realise the Heat Roadmaps for Europe. The local level should acknowledge this role and should start a public debate in the city on the transition towards a more sustainable heating and cooling system in the city. TheĀ insights from drafting local heating and cooling action plans for the STRATEGO target cities can provide guidance on how to organise this process. It is the hope of the STRATEGO project partners that these insights will support European cities in replicating the steps taken by the STRATEGO target cities during this project.

Local authorities should pay as much attention to alternatives to the default heating option (individual gas boilers in many cases) as to names of new streets.